Operation and Control of a Hybrid Photovoltaic-Diesel-Fuel Cell System Connected to Micro-Grid


Hybrid photovoltaic (PV), diesel engine generator (DEG) and fuel cell (FC) systems connected to the electric grid are modelled and controlled in this work. To further understand how FC operation affects electric grid frequency stability, a case study was conducted. A fuel cell generator, electrolyzer, and hydrogen storage facility make up the fuel cell system model. The storage capacity of hydrogen has also been taken into consideration. Additionally, a 24-hour photovoltaic model with variable solar radiation and temperature is discussed and assessed. When the load grows, the FC system contributes to frequency stability, and when the load decreases, the FC system does not contribute to frequency stability. Using a hybrid Wind-PV system will benefit from this aspect of the FC system.

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