Joint Virtual MIMO and Data Gathering for Wireless Sensor Networks - 2015
Virtual multi-input multi-output (MIMO) or vMIMO is becoming an attractive technology to achieve spatial diversity in wireless networks without using additional antennas, and to reduce power consumption by cooperation among multiple nodes. As data gathering is one of the most important operations in many sensor network applications, this paper studies energy-efficient data gathering in wireless sensor networks using vMIMO. We define the joint vMIMO and data gathering (vMDG) problem, which is NP-hard. We also propose a distributed method called D-vMDG as an approximation algorithm. This algorithm first constructs a tree-like topology by taking the unique features of vMIMO into account. Then, an energy-efficient routing protocol based on dynamic programming is proposed for each node on the constructed topology. Our theoretical analysis shows that D-vMDG can achieve an approximation ratio of O(1). Our simulations show that D-vMDG decreases the energy consumption by 81 and 36 percent compared to the well-known MDT  and MIMO-LEACH  algorithms respectively.
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