Multiple-quantum-well (MQW) top cells can enhance the performance of multi-junction solar cells since the absorption edge of top and middle subcells can be tuned with the MQWs to maximize the efficiency. The radiative dominance of MQW top cells can enhance photon coupling, which can potentially reduce the spectral sensitivity of the device and, thus, raise the energy harvest. We present experimental results on photon coupling in dual-junction cells with GaInP top cells containing GaInAsP quantum wells along with theoretical calculation based on a detailed balance model. It is observed that at high concentration, approximately 50% of the dark current of an MQW top cell is transferred to the photocurrent of the cell in the bottom, which is much higher than any previously reported values.
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