Modulation, Control and Capacitor Voltage Balancing of Alternate Arm Modular Multilevel Converter With DC Fault Blocking Capability (2014)


This paper provides an overview of DC side fault tolerance issues of VSC based HVDC system and the need for fault tolerant converters. The working principle and DC fault ride through capability of recently introduced Alternate Arm Modular Multilevel Converter(AAMMC) has been discussed. The capacitor voltage balancing issues of AAMMC is analyzed and a novel scheme for balancing capacitor voltages of the wave shaping circuit is presented in this paper. The voltage balancing of capacitors of wave shaping circuits in the arm is done by introducing an overlap period during zero voltage period. Using the proposed scheme, the magnitude and direction of the current during the overlap period can be controlled by varying the switching pattern. It helps in charging or discharging of the submodule capacitors to bring them to their reference value. At the end of the overlap period, the arm current is brought to zero before opening the director switch so as to avoid the spike across the arm inductor. The efficacy of the proposed control scheme has been validated using simulation study done in PSCAD/EMTDC.

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