Harvesting-Aware Energy Management for Time-Critical Wireless Sensor Networks With Joint Voltage and Modulation Scaling - 2013


As Cyber-Physical-Systems (CPSs) evolve they will be increasingly relied on to support time-critical and performance-intensive monitoring and control activities. Further, many CPSs that utilize Wireless Sensor NetWorking (WSN) technologies will require the use of energy harvesting methods to extend their lifetimes. For this application class, there are currently few algorithmic techniques that combine performance sensitive processing and Communication with efficient management techniques for energy harvesting. Our paper addresses this problem. We first propose a general purpose, multihop WSN architecture capable of supporting time-critical CPS systems using energy harvesting. We then present a set of Harvesting Aware Speed Selection (HASS) algorithms. Our technique maximizes the minimum energy reserve for all the nodes in the network, thus ensuring highly resilient performance under emergency or fault-driven situations. We present an optimal centralized solution, along with an efficient, distributed solution. We propose a CPS-specific experimental methodology, enabling us to evaluate our approach. Our experiments show that our algorithms yield significantly higher energy reserves than baseline methods.

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