Proportional-fair downlink resource allocation in OFDMA-based relay networks


In this paper, we consider resource allocation with proportional fairness in the downlink orthogonal frequency division multiple access relay networks, in which relay nodes operate in decode-and-forward mode. A joint optimization problem is formulated for relay selection, subcarrier assignment and power allocation. Since the formulated primal problem is nondeterministic polynomial time-complete, we make continuous relaxation and solve the dual problem by Lagrangian dual decomposition method. A near-optimal solution is obtained using Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm provides superior system throughput and much better fairness among users comparing with a heuristic algorithm.

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