We consider a multiple-input–multiple-output (MIMO) relaying broadcast channel in downlink cellular networks, where the base station and the relay stations are both equipped with multiple antennas, and each user terminal has only a single antenna. In practical scenarios, channel estimation is imperfect at the receivers. Aiming to maximize the signal-to-interference noise ratio (SINR), at each user, we develop two robust linear beamforming schemes for the single-relay case and the multirelay case, respectively. The two proposed schemes are based on singular value decomposition (SVD), minimum mean square error (MMSE), and regularized zero forcing (RZF). Simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms the conventional schemes with imperfect channel estimation.
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