PROJECT TITLE :
Energy-Neutral Communication Protocol for Very Low Power Microbial Fuel Cell Based Wireless Sensor Network
A serious challenge faced by wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for monitoring purposes is their energy offer. Renewable energy sources are useful for sustainable monitoring, but still terribly restricted these days because of varied implementation constraints. Fortunately, microbial fuel cells (MFCs) offer a renewable power supply, that can be integrated into terrains, wetlands, and a few civil structures for environmental monitoring. However, as MFCs may only provide ultralow and dynamic power, an energy-neutral communication protocol is crucial for MFC-powered WSNs. Herein a obligation-cycle-based energy-neutral communication protocol is proposed for MFC-powered WSNs. Mathematical models for optimal duty-cycling that minimize the probe packet reception time are 1st proposed. Then, an energy-neutral joint scheduling and routing protocol in multihop MFC networks is introduced. Finally, a MATLAB-based simulation tool is developed to judge the protocol performance. Simulation results show that WSNs adopting the proposed protocol will achieve sustainable network operations. It is also demonstrated that the protocol permits reliable information transmission when using ultralow and time-varying MFC power inputs.
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