Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors for Distributed Torsional Strain Measurements in a (RE) BCO Tape


Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors were used to measure the torsional strain distribution in a second-generation (rare-earth) Ba2Cu3Oy high-temperature superconducting sample tape (SST) at 77 K. Two SST samples were prepared. A slit was fabricated in each sample to allow an optical fiber to be embedded. In the first sample, a 10-mm-long single grating element was inserted into the slit. In the second sample, three grating elements of 10-mm length each were put into the slit. These grating elements were fabricated along a single-mode fiber and could be addressed individually using the wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) technique. Finally, the samples were recoated with a primary and secondary coating to form an embedded sensing system. When the high-temperature superconducting (HTS) tape is subjected to torsion, there is a strain induced in the FBG sensor, which varies the grating period accordingly. It was interrogated using a tunable laser in a WDM scheme. Based on the wavelength shift and the photoelastic properties of the FBG sensor embedded to the HTS tape, the torsional deformation of the HTS tape can be obtained. In this paper, the design and technology requirements to embed the single and WDM FBG sensors into the coated conductors are presented. Initial experiments to measure the torsional strain distribution at 77 K are reported.

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