Proactive Demand Participation of Smart Buildings in Smart Grid


Buildings account for nearly 40 percent of the entire energy consumption within the United States. As a critical step toward sensible cities, it's essential to intelligently manage and coordinate the building operations to boost the potency and reliability of overall energy system. With the appearance of good meters and 2-means communication systems, numerous energy consumptions from sensible buildings can currently be coordinated across the smart grid together with different energy masses and power plants. In this paper, we have a tendency to propose a comprehensive framework to integrate the operations of smart buildings into the energy scheduling of bulk power system through proactive building demand participation. This new scheme allows buildings to proactively express and communicate their energy consumption preferences to smart grid operators instead of passively receive and react to market signals and instructions like time varying electricity costs. The proposed theme is implemented in a very simulation environment. The experiment results show that the proactive demand response scheme can achieve up to ten % system generation price reduction and 20 % building operation value reduction compared with passive demand response scheme. The results additionally demonstrate that the system cost savings increase considerably with a lot of flexible load installed and better percentage of proactive customers participation level in the ability network.

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