Low-Temperature Plasma Jet for Biomedical Applications: A Review


Low-temperature plasma jets launched in space air are unique plasma sources in the way that they supply a volume of plasma outside the confines of electrodes and gas enclosures. This is an extremely engaging property for medical applications where the target is typically a biological tissue located in normal and unobstructed room conditions. It had been discovered that these jets are of course trains of tiny volumes of plasma traveling at supersonic velocity. These quick propagating plasma fronts came to be called plasma bullets. Plasma bullets are vehicles delivering reactive species such reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species to a target under treatment. Here, a review of the biological and medical applications of a plasma jet source termed plasma pencil is presented. The plasma pencil is a device powered by short high-voltage pulses and that can launch plasma bullets in space air, up to several centimeters off from its nozzle. The consequences of the plasma pencil on prokaryotic microorganisms (bacteria), pathogenic proteins, epithelial cells, and cancer cells are presented.

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