PROJECT TITLE :
Scratching of Patterned Cu/Dielectric Surface Layers by Pad Asperities in CMP
In chemical-mechanical sprucing (CMP), as the rough polymer pad slides over patterned structures of metal interconnects and dielectrics the pad asperities themselves, though soft, may scratch the relatively arduous layers. The absolutely plastically deformed pad asperities with high interfacial friction are the primary sources of pad scratching. During this paper, scratching of Cu/dielectric line structures by pad asperities is investigated. 1st, the scratching criteria and therefore the scratch-regime maps, created previously for monolithic layers based on contact mechanics are extended for the patterned layers. Then sliding experiments have been conducted on patterned Cu/dielectric surface layers of varied linewidths using solid polymeric pins loaded into the totally plastically deformed state, also commercial CMP pads. Specifically, the role of the width of Cu and dielectric lines in comparison with the contact diameter is examined. The theoretical models predict that the scratch criteria for patterns with wide lines are the same as those for monolithic layers, whereas patterns with very slender lines behave as composite layers with effective mechanical properties. Experimental results validate the scratch criteria primarily based on contact mechanics.
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