Coverage and Economy of Cellular Networks with Many Base Stations


The performance of a cellular network can be considerably improved by using many base stations (BSs), that shortens transmission distances. But, there exist no known results on quantifying the performance gains from deploying several BSs. To address this issue, we adopt a stochastic-geometry model of the downlink cellular network and analyze the mobile outage probability. Specifically, given Poisson distributed BSs, the outage likelihood is shown to diminish inversely with the increasing ratio between the BS and mobile densities. Furthermore, we tend to analyze the optimal tradeoff between the performance gain from increasing the BS density and the resultant network cost accounting for energy consumption, BS hardware and backhaul cables. The optimal BS density is proved to be proportional to the sq. root of the mobile density and also the inverse of the sq. root of the value factors considered.

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