Optimized M-ary Orthogonal and Bi-Orthogonal Signaling using Coherent Receiver with Non-Equal Symbol Probabilities


During this letter we have a tendency to derive formulas to compute the optimized signal energy, bit error possibilities, and call thresholds for M-ary orthogonal and bi-orthogonal signaling employing a coherent receiver with non-equal image chances. We realize that for non-equiprobable sources, the optimized systems (in that signal energies are optimized for non-equal probable symbols) have much lower error probabilities than the standard systems (which use the constellation optimized for equal probable symbols).

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