PROJECT TITLE :
Foam Embedded Wideband Antenna Array for Early Congestive Heart Failure Detection With Tests Using Artificial Phantom With Animal Organs
A foam-embedded wideband antenna array is used to make a transportable system for congestive heart failure (CHF) detection. Plus the array, which has a try of four-part antenna subarrays, the system includes a moveable vector network analyzer (VNA), a switching system, and a laptop, that contains control, signal processing, and image formation algorithms. The main aim of the engineered system is to produce a noninvasive, convenient, low cost, fast, and reliable platform for detection and monitoring of CHF. In that regard, the antenna parts are designed employing a 3-dimensional (3-d) structure, which utilizes a mix of loop, monopole, and parasitic patches to hide the needed band (0.7–one GHz) while keeping the scale compact. A differential technique is utilised to tell apart between healthy and unhealthy cases. The performance of the system is tested on a man-made phantom and a phantom with a pair of lamb lungs, which are confirmed to own electrical properties shut to those of humans. Several doable cases are investigated to validate the reliability of the system in the first detection of CHF.
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