Airborne internet access through submarine optical fiber cables


Net access for passengers travelling in aircrafts is regarded as one among the unresolved major challenges for ubiquitous Net provision. Vast oceanic remote regions along the busy air routes of the planet require low-cost, reliable, and high-speed Internet for the aircraft. Satellite links can give Net coverage in such remote areas; however, their services are still costly with low bandwidth and longer delays. Fortunately, the submarine optical cables deployed across the oceans pass along the identical busy air routes. These cables can be utilised as high-speed Web backbone for wireless Net access to the aircraft. Dedicated ships stationed along these submarine optical fiber cables can be exploited to produce Web, security, and navigation services to aircrafts and ships. A unique design for such a ground/sea-to-air access network is proposed. A complete answer, design, and analysis of the proposed technique are completely mentioned. In contrast to the ancient land mobile radio cellular systems, the high speed of the aircraft ends up in reduced offered handover time margins. To address the challenges related to the high-speed mobility of aircraft, an analysis for the impact of varied parameters on the performance of handovers is presented. Using the proposed analytical model, a mathematical relation for the handover margin with the velocity of aircraft, direction of the aircraft's motion, and propagation environment is derived on the basis of path-loss propagation model.

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