Artificially modified materials are becoming increasingly important in antenna design. Attractive features make polymer composites very promising materials for improving the fabrication process and antenna performance. In this study, a photosensitive polymer composite is utilized to fabricate precise dielectric-resonator antenna structures using deep-X-ray lithography. The multimode operation and miniaturization aspects of strip-fed composite antennas with very low permittivity (εr <; 5 ) are investigated for the first time. The prototype antenna offers a -10 dB impedance bandwidth of 48%, from 18.8 GHz to 30.7 GHz, and gain in the range of 5 dBi. The nonradiating modes are removed by the special boundary conditions enforced by the vertical strip. Stable radiation patterns and low cross-polarization levels over the entire impedance bandwidth are therefore preserved. Further improvements in impedance bandwidth are presented, and the antenna performance and fabrication processes are discussed.
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