PROJECT TITLE :
The melting of the Arctic glaciers is resulting within the opening of major transportation routes, like the Northwest, Northeast and North-North Passages. With increasing shipping traffic and activities related to the fishing, oil, and gas industries, the need for reliable communication systems in the polar region is terribly high. In this paper, we tend to discuss the communication challenges and limitations in the polar region, and study the different technologies that might be used. As well as using geostationary, high-elliptical-orbit, and low-Earth-orbit satellites, low-cost alternatives, such as a store-and-forward methodology using polar-orbiting satellites, high-frequency multiple-input multiple-output (HF MIMO), and wide-area mesh network solutions, are proposed. Depending on the kind of service to be provided and therefore the budget needed to roll out and operate the system, operators might select one among the proposed communication solutions for the polar region.
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